Nigeria, a multinational state is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world, with an estimated 206 million inhabitants as of late 2019. Nigeria is inhabited by more than 250 ethic groups with over 500 distinct languages all identifying with a wide variety of cultures. The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausa-Fulani in the north, Yoruba in the west, and Igbo in the east; comprising over 60% of the total population. The official language of Nigeria is English, chosen to facilitate linguistic unity at the national level.
Persons of different ethinc backgrounds most commonly communicate in English, although knowledge of two or more Nigeria languages is widespread. Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba are the most widely used Nigerian languages. Nigerian Pidgin is used widely as an unofficial medium of communication especially in the Nigerian cities of Warri, Sapele, Ughlli, Benin and Port Harcourt.
Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under the age of eighteen. Nigeria has the largest economy in Africa and is the world’s 24th largest economy according to the list by the IMF (2020 estimates), worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively.