Bursa

Bursa

Things to do - general
Country  Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Bursa
Settled 5200 BC
Government
 • Governor Izzettin Küçük
 • Mayor Alinur Aktaş
Area
 • City 1,036 km2 (400 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Metropolitan municipality 1,854,285
 • Density 1,508.52/km2(3,907.0/sq mi)
 • Metro 2,842,000
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 16000
Area code(s) (+90) 224
Licence plate 16
Website www.bursa.bel.tr
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official name Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire
Type Cultural
Criteria i, ii, iv, vi
Designated 2014 (38th session)
Reference no. 1452
State Party  Turkey
Region Europe and North America
Country Turkey
Languages spokenTurkish
Currency usedTurkish Liras
Area (km2)1,036 km2 (400 sq mi)

Sports & nature

Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region. It is the fourth most populous city in Turkey and one of the most industrialized metropolitan centres in the country. The city is also the administrative centre of Bursa Province.

Bursa (Ottoman Turkish بورسا) was the first major and second overall capital of the Ottoman State between 1335 and 1363. The city was referred to as Hüdavendigar (Ottoman Turkish خداوندگار 'God's gift') during the Ottoman period, while a more recent nickname is Yeşil Bursa 'Green Bursa' in reference to the parks and gardens located across its urban fabric, as well as to the vast and richly varied forests of the surrounding region. Mount Uludağ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, towers over it, and has a well-known ski resort. Bursa has rather orderly urban growth and borders a fertile plain. The mausoleums of the early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the city's main landmarks include numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period. Bursa also has thermal baths and several museums, including a museum of archaeology.

The shadow play characters Karagöz and Hacivat are based on historic personalities who lived and died in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most famous Turkish dishes such as İskender kebap, specially candied marron glacés, peaches and Turkish Delight. Bursa houses the Uludağ University, and its population can claim one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey. The historic towns of İznik (Nicaea), Mudanya and Zeytinbağı are all situated in Bursa Province.

In 2015, Bursa had a population of 1,854,285, while Bursa Province had 2,842,000 inhabitants

Nightlife info

The city has one professional football club, Bursaspor, which competes in the Turkish Super League, the top-tier of Turkish football. As of December 21, the team plays their home games at The Timsah Arena stadium (literally meaning Crocodile Arena), which has a sitting capacity of 45,000. Bursaspor has won its first league title in the 2009–10 Turkish Super League season, becoming the second Anatolian club to ever win the league title after Trabzonspor. Today Bursaspor is considered one of the five biggest football clubs in Turkey along with Galatasaray SK, Fenerbahçe, Beşiktaş, and Trabzonspor.

The city has a professional basketball team in the Turkish Basketball League, Tofaş S.K., which was among the most successful teams.

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