Kocaeli

Kocaeli

Things to do - general
Location of Kocaeli Province in Turkey
Coordinates: 40.852°N 29.878°ECoordinates: 40.852°N 29.878°E
Country Turkey
Region East Marmara
Subregion Kocaeli
Provincial seat Izmit
Government
 • Electoral district Kocaeli
Area
 • Total 3,626 km2 (1,400 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,830,772
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Area code(s) 00262
Vehicle registration 41
Country Turkey
Languages spokenTurkish
Currency usedTurkish lira (TRY)
Area (km2)3,626 km²

Culture and history info

Kocaeli Province (Turkish: Kocaeli ili, pronounced [kodʒaˈeli]) is a province of Turkey and one of only two to not have the same official name as its capital, İzmit, which is thus also sometimes called Kocaeli. The province is the successor of the Ottoman-era Sanjak of Kocaeli. The largest towns in the province are İzmit and Gebze. The traffic code is 41. The province is located at the easternmost end of the Marmara Sea around the Gulf of İzmit. Kocaeli is bordered by the province of Istanbul and the Marmara Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north, the province of Sakarya to the east, the province of Bursa to the south and the province of Yalova to the southwest. The metropolitan area of Istanbul extends to the Kocaeli-Istanbul provincial border. The size and natural conditions of the Bay of İzmit allow for extensive port facilities, including the Gölcük Naval Base. The province is called the industrial capital of Turkey. Kocaeli has an airport named Cengiz Topel Naval Air Station which is used for military and civilian transport. Kocaeli has two universities: Kocaeli University and Gebze Technical University.

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